The Last Supper of the Andes

23/Marzo/2012 | 15:25



 

Do you know what was served at the Last Supper? The answer is not exactly straight forward.

 

If you refer to Michelangelo's famous painting you will see there is nothing on the plate directly in front of Jesus. If you read the Gospels you will find that only wine and bread are specifically mentioned, while Mark and Luke refer to a Passover lamb. 

 

And if you find yourself in Quito, the Cathedral Church offers a different menu.   An image of the Last Supper, painted by Manuel Samaniego, depicts    guinea pig as the main course. The wine has been replaced with a corn-based drink called chicha and the bread is of a special kind – a type of cornbread known as humita.

 

The insertion of these regional food choices into the painting of the Last Supper is an example of syncretism, a practice of blending the influences of two cultures, in this case, the Spanish Catholic tradition and indigenous Andean civilization.

 

 Syncretism can be applied to expressions of a culture, including art, religion, and architecture. It is a way of reconciling disparate practices or beliefs – unifying them for broader acceptance.

The presence of guinea pig, humitas, and chicha at the Last Supper shows the extent to which these foods are more than just traditional staples in Ecuador, they are culturally symbolic. And if they are important enough to be inserted into one of the most famous scenes of Western Civilization, then we should give them a try.

 

CUY

Guinea pig, or "cuy" as it is known, derives from the Quecua word, "quwi." It has been a staple in the Andean region since before the Spanish introduced other meat sources of protein, such as pig, cattle, and sheep.    

 

Guinea pigs are often sold for about $8 by their producers, and a full cuy meal at a typical restaurant will run from $12-24. They are often roasted, but can also be baked or fried. Cuy is commonly served with potatoes, avocado, or other traditional foods such as hominy (mote). 

 

Though a traditional preparation is to offer   whole cuy, with head and toes included, La Gloria Restaurant in Quito serves a visually more appetizing version: "Piernitas de cuy crocante," or crunchy guinea pig legs.  Here is their recipe:

 

La Gloria's Crunchy Guinea Pig Confit with creole peanut sauce and golden, rustic potatoes

 

Ingredients

4 Guinea pig legs

4 potatoes

1 tbsp. Onion

Pretzel salt

Vegetable oil, as needed

 

Peanut sauce ingredients

Salt and pepper, as desired

100 gr. Crushed peanuts

30 gr. Aji Panca

20 gr. Aji Mirasol

1 tbsp peeled garlic

Chicken broth

 

Preparation

Candy the guinea pig legs with red pepper and pretzel salt for 40 minutes at 80 degrees Celsius. 

Fry in abundant vegetable oil until golden brown and crunchy. Remove and apply additional salt as desired.

 

Sauce preparation

Make a dressing with onion, garlic, ajis. Incorporate chicken broth, then add crushed peanuts.   Mix well. 

Serve accompanied with golden potatoes.

 

HUMITAS

A pre-Hispanic food similar to a tamale, humitas are corn based breads, steamed and wrapped in the same corn husk from which their primary ingrediant comes. 

 

Humitas are typically prepared with unripened corn (maiz tierno) from which a corn flour is made and mixed with butter, cheese, eggs, and sometimes other spices. Variations on the recipe exist, as you can find humitas with chicken or even sweet-tasting humitas. They are typically served with coffee for breakfast or offered as an afternoon or evening snack.

 

Today's is by chef Mauricio Armendaris, published in his book Mishki Mikuna.

 

Corn Humitas

 

Ingredients

1 ½ lbs Threshed corn, mature from the cob (“cao”)

½ cup Butter

¾ cup Fressh grated cheese

2 tbsps Salt

1tsp Sugar

6 egg yolks

1tsp Baking powder

1tbsp Julienne cut white onion

½ cup egg whites

Corn husks

 

Preparation

Mix corn kernels in the grinder or food processor and sift to eliminate all of the husk.

Cream the butter with cheese, salt, and sugar.

Add yolks one at a time

Add to the sifted corn mix, baking powder and onion

Beat egg whites until white and add to the dough

Place ½ cup of dough on each corn leaf and close well

Steam for an hour until firm.

 

 

CHICHA

Chicha is a tradtional drink derived from the fermentation of corn or other grains. It can be prepared as an alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverage. It dates back to Incan cultures, as chicha traditions were found throughout the Incan Empire.

 

Typically, chicha in Ecuador is prepared from corn, rice, oatmeal, quinoa, or barley.    Other ingredients, such as local fruits, sugar, and even herbs are often added to give it flavor as it ferments over a period of three days, on average. 

 

Today's recipe is from Chef Pablo Zambrano of the Hotel Colon and published in his book 111 Platos Populares del Ecuador.

 

Chicha de Jora

 

Ingredients

250 gr. Corn flower

2 ½ liters wáter

150 gr. Pineapple

150 gr. Naranjilla

2 sticks lemon verbena (hierbaluisa)

2 cloves

1 orange peel

500 gr. Panela (unrefined whole cane sugar)

1 stick cedron

1 anise, crushed

Cinnamon

 

Preparation

Boil water with lemon verbena, cloves, orange peel, cinnamon, panela, cedron, and anise. Add corn flower dissolved in cold water. Boil for 45 minutes and strain. Place in ceramic bowl and let sit for three days. Cook the naranjilla in water. Liquify with reserved liquid. Strain and add previous preparation. Peel and cut pineapple. Liquify with the same preparation. Strain and add again. Mix well. Adjust sweetness.

Recommendation: Store the chichi in a fresh place without a lid during the three day fermenting period. The pot should be cured and clean.


Ciudad Quito

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